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Mula Bandha – Root Lock.

May 11, 2012

In the last lesson we learnt Ashvini Mudra, which is a preparatory practice for Mula Bandha. In Ashvini Mudra the prana is prevented from leaking through the anal opening due the contraction of the anal sphincter and hence the prana is retained in the body. In Mula Bandha the prana is not only prevented from leaking but it is also channelled.

The practice of Mula Bandha is very similar to Ashvini Mudra. Sit in a comfortable asana. Contract the anal sphincter muscle with the inhalation, (as explained for Ashvini Mudra), but now hold it during inhalation as well as exhalation. Also, gently contract the perineum muscles with the feeling of lifting the pelvic floor muscles upwards. Feel that the apana, (which is the downward moving prana seated in the lower abdomen,) is being moved upwards to the naval. In the centre behind the naval visualise Agni as a flame. The apana is channelled into the Agni.

Here some Hatha Yoga Philosophy is necessary in order to understand the purpose of this bandha. Prana, (the universal energy or life force), takes on two main functions in the body that the Yogi is concerned with: prana and apana. Prana is upward moving prana, giving the feeling of lightness and is seated in the chest. Apana is seated in the lower abdomen and is downward moving prana and gives the feeling of groundedness. Apana also accumulates impurities and eliminates these.

With the practice of mula bandha and jalandhara bandha, (which we will learn later on), the prana and apana are united by Agni in the centre behind the naval. Agni is the principle of heat in the body and is seated behind the naval. If you touch your abdomen, you can feel the warmth.

Agni is responsible not only for digestion but also for spiritual transformation as it burns up the impurities. Furthermore, Agni helps to convert the united energy of prana and apana into a more powerful energy. This energy is utilised to awaken the kundalini for the purposes of meditation.

Mula Bandha raises the apana upwards towards Agni. This is its main purpose. Additionally it improves concentration. It can be practised with meditation and mantra repetition, as well as with asana once it is mastered.

As usual, it is advised that this bandha be learnt from a competent teacher.


Written by: Swami Vidyananda, resident monk at Ananda Kutir Ashrama.

5 Comments leave one →
  1. August 1, 2013 9:14 pm

    I rarely drop comments, but i did some searching and wound up here Mula Bandha – Root Lock.

    | Yoga Awakening Africa News. And I do have a couple of questions for you
    if it’s allright. Could it be only me or does it seem like some of these comments appear like they are coming from brain dead visitors? πŸ˜› And, if you are posting at other online sites, I would like to keep up with everything new you have to post. Could you make a list of all of your community sites like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?

    • August 7, 2013 5:11 am

      Many thanks for the comments. We only have a twitter and FB group, all links are on the blog page on the right. Will keep you posted with changes to YAA in the forth quarter πŸ™‚


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