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The Endocrine System (Hormones Part 2)

August 20, 2012

In Ayurveda we consider it as our Crown Chakra, (SAHRADHRA), which takes care of harmony with our relationship. Relationship not only between different systems of our own but also between us and nature, between us and our belongings, between us and emotions; and as long as that relationship is in harmony all hormones will be normal.


The second part of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland. This is the brain of the hormonal system. It relates a complex variety of hormones that control growth, protein synthesis, sexual functions and the metabolic function in general. It actually controls so many hormone secretions that not all have been isolated or understood. It controls these secretions by receiving information from the brain (the hypothalamus either stimulates or inhibits), and the many other endocrine glands, via a complex feedback system.

The third endocrine gland is the pineal gland. The role of the pineal gland is perhaps the one least understood by modern allopathic medicine. The pineal gland produces metatonin, (along with the serotonin). In fact, there is much that is unknown about the function of these two hormones. They are known to interact with the adrenals, thyroid, testes and ovaries. While theories abound, much more research needs to be done, since any hormonal imbalance can greatly affect the whole endocrine system.

Ayurveda considers that one major function of the pineal gland is to link the physical and the subtle bodies. Before understanding these 2 glands Ayurvedically, we need to understand the Ayurvedic aspect of human beings.

Ayurvedically a human being is two halves joined together. They are made up of two poles: SHIVA, (positive), and SHAKTI, (negative). There should always be a balance between these two poles. This is controlled by a point between the third eye and the back of skull. We call it TRATAK CHAKRA. This controls all functions of our body.

The fourth gland is the thyroid. It controls the basic metabolic function of the body. It also controls growth in the young and has a role in regulating calcium in the blood. Not all of the functions of the thyroid are understood.

The fifth endocrine function is controlled by the Parathyroid which regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. This balance is critical for good bone growth and maintenance. Some aspects of the parathyroid glands are not completely known.

The sixth endocrine gland is the thymus. Much of its role remains a mystery to modern science. It is known to play a role in growth and immune function. Ayurveda considers the thymus to be related to KAPHA and, to some extent, to the concept of Ojas. According to Ayurveda, the thymus continues to play an important role in adults.


These three glands in Ayurveda are under 5th Chakra, (VISHUDHA). This is the main centre of creation. All creations, all poetry, paintings and all skills come from here. When we are stuck with our creative forces this chakra is blocked giving rise to problems in these hormones.

The adrenal glands are often given as the next endocrine glands. The functions of the adrenals are probably the least understood by laymen, yet they are the most important to overall health. Their simplified functions include the immune function, digestive metabolism, water metabolism, sexual metabolism and nervous system function. They also have a very important function as transmitters throughout the body and function as a feedback system to the pituitary gland. They are intimately related to the nervous system because of this feedback function.

During pre-menopause and in menopause, the adrenal glands completely take over the production of progesterone and are responsible for most oestrogen production after menopause. They are thus very important for the health of women throughout their lives. One of the hormones produced in these glands is the now-famous DHEA.

Because the function of the adrenal glands is so complex, some of their role in the body is not completely understood.

 The eighth endocrine gland is the pancreas, which functions as both a ducted and ductless gland. The pancreas works closely with the adrenal gland to digest carbohydrates, (complex sugars), protein and fat. It is the adrenal gland that controls this function but it is the pancreas that secretes the bile necessary to digest these nutrients.

The above glands in Ayurveda are related to 3rd and 4th chakra. These two energy centers relate to the feeling of emotions and also manage our metabolic system.


Dr Ram Garg | BAMS, MD (Kurukshetra University) India

Ayurvedic physician | Practice no-0218804 | 011 781 5420 |  0727162473

For more information |

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